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$49.41 billion (31 December 2007)

Stock of quasi money:

$187.6 billion (31 December 2007)

Stock of domestic credit:

$220 billion (31 December 2007)

Agriculture – products:

Peninsular Malaysia – rubber, palm oil, cocoa, rice; Sabah – subsistence crops, rubber, timber, coconuts, rice; Sarawak – rubber, pepper, timber


Peninsular Malays

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none (landlocked)


cold winters, cool and moist summers; transitional between continental and maritime


generally flat and contains much marshland

Elevation extremes:

lowest point: Nyoman River 90 m highest point: Dzyarzhynskaya Hara 346 m

Natural resources:

forests, peat deposits, small quantities of oil and natural gas, granite, dolomitic limestone, marl, chalk, sand, gravel, clay

materiales didacticos para preescolar


arid to semiarid; cold winters and hot summers


mostly rugged mountains; plains in north and southwest

Elevation extremes:

lowest point: Amu Darya 258 m highest point: Nowshak 7,485 m

Natural resources:

natural gas, petroleum, coal, copper, chromite, talc, barites, sulfur, lead, zinc, iron ore, salt, precious and semiprecious stones

Land use:

materiales didacticos para preescolar

Inflation rate (consumer prices): 5.9% (2006 est.)

Investment (gross fixed): 19% of GDP (2006 est.)

Budget: revenues: $2.431 billion expenditures: $3.001 billion; including capital expenditures of $NA (2006 est.)

Public debt: 30.5% of GDP (2006 est.)

Agriculture – products: coffee, sisal, tea, cotton, pyrethrum (insecticide made from chrysanthemums), cashew nuts, tobacco, cloves, corn, wheat, cassava (tapioca), bananas, fruits, vegetables; cattle, sheep, goats

Industries: agricultural processing (sugar, beer, cigarettes, sisal twine); diamond, gold, and iron mining, salt, soda ash; cement, oil refining, shoes, apparel, wood products, fertilizer

Industrial production growth rate: 8.4% (1999 est.)

Electricity – production: 2.562 billion kWh (2004)


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Currency code: NGN

Exchange rates: nairas per US dollar – 127.573 (2006), 132.59 (2005), 132.89 (2004), 129.22 (2003), 120.58 (2002)

Fiscal year: calendar year

Communications Nigeria

Telephones – main lines in use: 1,223,300 (2005)

Telephones – mobile cellular: 21,571,131 (2006)

Telephone system: general assessment: expansion and modernization of the fixed-line telephone network has been slow due to faltering efforts at privatization domestic: the addition of a second fixed-line provider in 2002 resulted in faster growth in this service; wireless telephony has grown rapidly, in part responding to the shortcomings of the fixed-line network; four wireless (GSM) service providers operate nationally; the combined growth resulted in a sharp increase in teledensity reported to be over 18% in March 2006 international: country code – 234; satellite earth stations – 3 Intelsat (2 Atlantic Ocean and 1 Indian Ocean); fiber optic submarine cable (SAT-3/WASC) provides connectivity to Europe and Asia

Radio broadcast stations: AM 83, FM 36, shortwave 11 (2001)


materiales didacticos para preescolar

Airports – with unpaved runways: total: 116 2,438 to 3,047 m: 2 1,524 to 2,437 m: 22 914 to 1,523 m: 72 under 914 m: 20 (2006)

Railways: total: 2,382 km narrow gauge: 2,382 km 1.067-m gauge (2005)

Roadways: total: 42,237 km paved: 5,406 km unpaved: 36,831 km (2002)

Merchant marine: total: 1 ship (1000 GRT or over) 2,265 GRT/3,605 DWT by type: cargo 1 (2006)

Ports and terminals: Luderitz, Walvis Bay

Military Namibia

Military branches: Namibian Defense Force: Army, Air Wing, Navy (2006)

Military service age and obligation: 18 years of age for voluntary military service (2001)


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tricity – consumption: 37.1 billion kWh (2004)

Electricity – exports: 6.3 billion kWh (2004)

Electricity – imports: 13.8 billion kWh (2004)

Oil – production: 47,530 bbl/day (2004 est.)

Oil – consumption: 132,000 bbl/day (2004 est.)

Oil – exports: 47,180 bbl/day (2001)

Oil – imports: 94,000 bbl/day (2004)

Oil – proved reserves: 110.7 million bbl (1 January 2002)

Natural gas – production: 2.963 billion cu m (2004 est.)

materiales didacticos para preescolar

HIV/AIDS – people living with HIV/AIDS: 78,000 (2003 est.)

HIV/AIDS – deaths: 5,800 (2003 est.)

Nationality: noun: Guatemalan(s) adjective: Guatemalan

Ethnic groups: Mestizo (mixed Amerindian-Spanish – in local Spanish called Ladino) and European 59.4%, K’iche 9.1%, Kaqchikel 8.4%, Mam 7.9%, Q’eqchi 6.3%, other Mayan 8.6%, indigenous non-Mayan 0.2%, other 0.1% (2001 census)

Religions: Roman Catholic, Protestant, indigenous Mayan beliefs

Languages: Spanish 60%, Amerindian languages 40% (23 officially recognized Amerindian languages, including Quiche, Cakchiquel, Kekchi, Mam, Garifuna, and Xinca)

Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write total population: 70.6% male: 78% female: 63.3% (2003 est.)

Government Guatemala