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8.81 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)

Net migration rate:

-0.57 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2008 est.)

Sex ratio:

at birth: 1.08 male(s)/female under 15 years: 1.08 male(s)/female 15-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female total population: 1 male(s)/female (2008 est.)

Infant mortality rate:

total: 9.27 deaths/1,000 live births male: 9.45 deaths/1,000 live births female: 9.08 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:

total population:

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Factbook staff follows the guidance of the United States Board on Geographic Names (BGN). The BGN is the component of the United States Government that develops policies, principles, and procedures governing the spelling, use, and application of geographic names–domestic, foreign, Antarctic, and undersea. Its decisions enable all departments and agencies of the US Government to have access to uniform names of geographic features. The position of the BGN is that the names Burma and Sea of Japan be used in official US Government maps and publications.

Why is most of the statistical information in the Factbook given in metric units, rather than the units standard to US measure?

US Federal agencies are required by the Metric Conversion Act of 1975 (Public Law 94-168) and by Executive Order 12770 of July 1991 to use the International System of Units, commonly referred to as the metric system or SI. In addition, the metric system is used by over 95 percent of the world’s population.

Why don’t you include information on minimum and maximum temperature extremes?

The Factbook staff judges that this information would only be useful for some (generally smaller) countries. Larger countries can have large temperature extremes that do not represent the landmass as a whole. In the future, such a category may be adopted listing the extremes, but also adding a normal temperature range found throughout most of a country’s territory.

What information sources are used for the country flags?

Flag designs used in The World Factbook are those recognized by the protocol office of the US Department of State.

Why do your GDP (Gross Domestic Product) statistics differ from other sources?

We have two sets of GDP dollar estimates in The World Factbook , one derived from purchasing power parity (PPP) calculations and the other derived using official exchange rates (OER). Other sources probably use one of the two. See the Notes and Definitions section on GDP and GDP methodology for more information.

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ange rates: Norwegian kroner per US dollar – 6.4133 (2006), 6.4425 (2005), 6.7408 (2004), 7.0802 (2003), 7.9838 (2002)

Communications Svalbard

Telephones – main lines in use: NA

Telephones – mobile cellular: NA

Telephone system: general assessment: probably adequate domestic: local telephone service international: country code – 47-790; satellite earth station – 1 of unknown type (for communication with Norwegian mainland only)

Radio broadcast stations: AM 1, FM 1 (plus 2 repeaters), shortwave 0 (1998)

Radios: NA

Television broadcast stations: NA

Televisions: NA

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onal holiday: Independence Day (National Day), 1 October (1960)

Constitution: new constitution adopted May 1999

Legal system: based on English common law, Islamic Shariah law (in 12 northern states), and traditional law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch: chief of state: President Olusegun OBASANJO (since 29 May 1999); note – the president is both the chief of state and head of government head of government: President Olusegun OBASANJO (since 29 May 1999); note – the president is both the chief of state and head of government cabinet: Federal Executive Council elections: president is elected by popular vote for a four-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held 19 April 2003 (next to be held 21 April 2007) election results: Olusegun OBASANJO elected president; percent of vote – Olusegun OBASANJO (PDP) 61.9%, Muhammadu BUHARI (ANPP) 31.2%, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu OJUKWU (APGA) 3.3%, other 3.6%

Legislative branch: bicameral National Assembly consists of Senate (109 seats – 3 from each state plus 1 from Abuja, members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms) and House of Representatives (360 seats, members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms) elections: Senate – last held 12 April 2003 (next to be held 21 April 2007); House of Representatives – last held 12 April 2003 (next to be held 21 April 2007) election results: Senate – percent of vote by party – PDP 53.7%, ANPP 27.9%, AD 9.7%; seats by party – PDP 76, ANPP 27, AD 6; House of Representatives – percent of vote by party – PDP 54.5%, ANPP 27.4%, AD 8.8%, other 9.3%; seats by party – PDP 223, ANPP 96, AD 34, other 6; note – one seat is vacant

Judicial branch: Supreme Court (judges appointed by the President); Federal Court of Appeal (judges are appointed by the federal government on the advice of the Advisory Judicial Committee)

Political parties and leaders: Action Congress or AC [Bise Akande]; Advanced Congress of Demorats or ACD [Alex Anielo]; Alliance for Democracy or AD [Mojisoluwa AKINFENWA]; All Nigeria Peoples’ Party or ANPP [Edwin UME-EZEOKE]; All Progressives Grand Alliance or APGA [disputed leadership]; Democratic People’s Party or DPP [Jerry Useni]; Fresh Democratic Party [Chris OKOTIE]; Movement for the Restoration and Defense of Democracy or MRDD [Mohammed Gambo JIMETA]; National Democratic Party or NDP [Aliyu Habu FARI]; Peoples Democratic Party or PDP [Dr. Ahmadu ALI]; Peoples Redemption Party or PRP [Abdulkadir Balarabe MUSA]; Peoples Salvation Party or PSP [Lawal MAITURARE]; United Nigeria Peoples Party or UNPP [disputed leadership]

Political pressure groups and leaders: NA

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- exports: NA bbl/day (2001)

Oil – imports: NA bbl/day (2001)

Natural gas – production: 0 cu m (2004 est.)

Natural gas – consumption: 2.17 billion cu m (2004 est.)

Natural gas – exports: 0 cu m (2004 est.)

Natural gas – imports: 2.17 billion cu m (2004 est.)

Current account balance: $-561 million (2006 est.)

Exports: $1.02 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)

Exports – commodities: foodstuffs, textiles, machinery

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structure: 0-14 years: 15.6% (male 799,163/female 755,389) 15-64 years: 69.2% (male 3,403,375/female 3,505,640) 65 years and over: 15.2% (male 550,297/female 967,470) (2006 est.)

Median age: total: 38.7 years male: 36.3 years female: 41.4 years (2006 est.)

Population growth rate: -0.25% (2006 est.)

Birth rate: 9.72 births/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Death rate: 13.11 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Net migration rate: 0.86 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Sex ratio: at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female 15-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 0.57 male(s)/female total population: 0.91 male(s)/female (2006 est.)

Infant mortality rate: total: 8.39 deaths/1,000 live births male: 9.09 deaths/1,000 live births female: 7.64 deaths/1,000 live births (2006 est.)

Life expectancy at birth: total population: 72.66 years male: 68.45 years female: 77.14 years (2006 est.)

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expectancy at birth: total population: 78.8 years male: 75.81 years female: 81.96 years (2006 est.)

Total fertility rate: 1.39 children born/woman (2006 est.)

HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate: 0.1% (2001 est.)

HIV/AIDS – people living with HIV/AIDS: 43,000 (2001 est.)

HIV/AIDS – deaths: less than 1,000 (2003 est.)

Nationality: noun: German(s) adjective: German

Ethnic groups: German 91.5%, Turkish 2.4%, other 6.1% (made up largely of Greek, Italian, Polish, Russian, Serbo-Croatian, Spanish)

Religions: Protestant 34%, Roman Catholic 34%, Muslim 3.7%, unaffiliated or other 28.3%

Languages: German

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h rate: 33.89 births/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Death rate: 13.47 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female 15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 0.86 male(s)/female total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2006 est.)

Infant mortality rate: total: 63.52 deaths/1,000 live births male: 67.38 deaths/1,000 live births female: 59.53 deaths/1,000 live births (2006 est.)

Life expectancy at birth: total population: 51.16 years male: 50.98 years female: 51.34 years (2006 est.)

Total fertility rate: 4.39 children born/woman (2006 est.)

HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate: 6.9% (2003 est.)

HIV/AIDS – people living with HIV/AIDS: 560,000 (2003 est.)