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Democratic Republic

Capital:

name: Nouakchott geographic coordinates: 18 07 N, 16 02 W time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Administrative divisions:

12 regions (regions, singular – region) and 1 capital district*; Adrar, Assaba, Brakna, Dakhlet Nouadhibou, Gorgol, Guidimaka, Hodh Ech Chargui, Hodh El Gharbi, Inchiri, Nouakchott*, Tagant, Tiris Zemmour, Trarza

Independence:

28 November 1960 (from France)

National holiday:

Independence Day, 28 November (1960)

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Religions:

Muslim 90%, Christian 1%, indigenous beliefs 9%

Languages:

French (official), Bambara 80%, numerous African languages

Literacy:

definition: age 15 and over can read and write total population: 46.4% male: 53.5% female: 39.6% (2003 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):

total: 7 years male: 8 years female: 5 years (2005)

Education expenditures:

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4.668 million (2007)

Telephones – mobile cellular:

10.23 million (2007)

Telephone system:

general assessment: highly developed, technologically advanced, and completely automated domestic and international telephone and telegraph facilities domestic: nationwide cellular telephone system; extensive cable network; limited microwave radio relay network international: country code – 32; landing point for a number of submarine cables that provide links to Europe, the Middle East, and Asia; satellite earth stations – 7 (Intelsat – 3) (2007)

Radio broadcast stations:

AM 7, FM 79, shortwave 1 (1998)

Radios:

8.075 million (1997)

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Birth rate: 25.37 births/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Death rate: 5.28 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female 15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/female total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2006 est.)

Infant mortality rate: total: 12.3 deaths/1,000 live births male: 13.63 deaths/1,000 live births female: 10.91 deaths/1,000 live births (2006 est.)

Life expectancy at birth: total population: 69.82 years male: 67.32 years female: 72.45 years (2006 est.)

Total fertility rate: 3 children born/woman (2006 est.)

HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate: NA

HIV/

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e

Introduction Niue

Background: Niue’s remoteness, as well as cultural and linguistic differences between its Polynesian inhabitants and those of the rest of the Cook Islands, have caused it to be separately administered. The population of the island continues to drop (from a peak of 5,200 in 1966 to about 2,166 in 2006), with substantial emigration to New Zealand, 2,400 km to the southwest.

Geography Niue

Location: Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Tonga

Geographic coordinates: 19 02 S, 169 52 W

Map references: Oceania

Area: total: 260 sq km land: 260 sq km water: 0 sq km

Area – comparative: 1.5 times the size of Washington, DC

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migration rate: -0.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female 15-64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 0.7 male(s)/female total population: 0.93 male(s)/female (2006 est.)

Infant mortality rate: total: 9.76 deaths/1,000 live births male: 10.54 deaths/1,000 live births female: 8.93 deaths/1,000 live births (2006 est.)

Life expectancy at birth: total population: 76.03 years male: 73.76 years female: 78.41 years (2006 est.)

Total fertility rate: 1.99 children born/woman (2006 est.)

HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate: NA

HIV/AIDS – people living with HIV/AIDS: NA

HIV/AIDS – deaths: NA

Nationality: noun: Dutch Antillean(s) adjective: Dutch Antillean

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Heliports: 5 (2006)

Pipelines: gas 4,397 km; oil 990 km; refined products 335 km (2006)

Railways: total: 7,937 km broad gauge: 36 km 1.524-m gauge standard gauge: 7,682 km 1.435-m gauge (2,628 km electrified) narrow gauge: 219 km 0.760-m gauge (2005)

Roadways: total: 159,568 km paved: 70,050 km (30,874 km of interurban roads including 626 km of expressways) unpaved: 89,518 km (2005)

Waterways: 1,622 km (most on Danube River) (2006)

Ports and terminals: Budapest, Dunaujvaros, Gyor-Gonyu, Csepel, Baja, Mohacs (2003)

Military Hungary

Military branches: Ground Forces, Hungarian Air Force (Magyar Legiero, ML) (2006)

Mili

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gees and internally displaced persons: refugees (country of origin): 7,320 (Senegal) (2006)

This page was last updated on 8 February, 2007

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@Guyana

Introduction Guyana

Background: Originally a Dutch colony in the 17th century, by 1815 Guyana had become a British possession. The abolition of slavery led to black settlement of urban areas and the importation of indentured servants from India to work the sugar plantations. This ethnocultural divide has persisted and has led to turbulent politics. Guyana achieved independence from the UK in 1966, and since then it has been ruled mostly by socialist-oriented governments. In 1992, Cheddi JAGAN was elected president in what is considered the country’s first free and fair election since independence. After his death five years later, his wife, Jane JAGAN, became president but resigned in 1999 due to poor health. Her successor, Bharrat JAGDEO, was reelected in 2001 and again in 2006.

Geography Guyana

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ways: total: 50,000 km paved: 5,000 km unpaved: 45,000 km (2004)

Waterways: navigation mainly on Benue River; limited during rainy season (2005)

Merchant marine: total: 1 ship (1000 GRT or over) 38,613 GRT/68,820 DWT by type: petroleum tanker 1 foreign-owned: 1 (France 1) (2006)

Ports and terminals: Douala, Limboh Terminal

Military Cameroon

Military branches: Cameroon Armed Forces: Army, Navy (includes naval infantry), Air Force (Armee de l’Air du Cameroun, AAC) (2006)

Military service age and obligation: 18 years of age for voluntary military service; no conscription (1999)

Manpower available for military service: males age 18-49: 3,525,307 females age 18-49: 3,461,406 (2005 est.)

Manpower fit for military service: males age 18-49: 1,946,767 females age 18-49: 1,834,600 (2005 est.)